ASCII by Jason Scott

Jason Scott's Weblog

An Open Letter to TOSEC —

From my posting on the TOSEC development forum:

Hello, everyone. My name is Jason Scott, and my position is “free-range Archivist” at the Internet Archive ( I’m here as a private individual, and not as a spokesman for the Archive in any way.

I’ve been working there for about two years and have used them and interacted with their staff for significant years before that. I’m now a full-time employee and have been busy bringing in several hundred terabytes of data into their stacks. Along the way I’ve been adding all sorts of material, ranging from videos, magazines, and books, all the way through to software, website snapshots, and scientific papers.

However, my main interests in life seem to center around computer history, especially home computer history of the 1970s and 1980s. To that end, I’ve made a documentary about computer bulletin board systems, as well as a documentary on text adventures. I’ve uploaded most of the raw interview footage of these films to as well.

As a few people noted here (and elsewhere), I’ve begun uploading collections of program images named in the TOSEC format to These are being added as large ZIP files, which works better among the item framework. A .ZIP browser built into the system allows per-image references. A good example of this system in place is here:

In the case of these items, I’m standardizing on the date of the set for that platform, with this first set being moved right up to the date of the collection I acquired (2012-04-23). As updates are done, I’ll make new items. (I realize this means lots of redundancy in the image collections, but space is not a problem at the Archive, and it’s easier to just have multiple items and move people forward over time). It’s all still in rough shape and will be refined in the future.

I don’t wish to pull anyone’s energy or time away from the TOSEC work being done – I just know this project was going to gain attention over here, and I wanted it known I was the person doing this. Now for the why.

Huge organizations, museums and archives and libraries alike, have begun taking an interest in preserving software or aspects of software. In some cases they wish to preserve the items (say, a boxed commercial program) while in others, they find themselves desperately in need of older software (say, a copy of a word processing program or spreadsheet) to allow them to look at acquired old files they’ve been donated. They are often slow, are constantly hindered in their actions because of management or administrative concerns or standards, and are often forced to make less-of-two-evil decisions when it comes to the software being preserved.

TOSEC, meanwhile, has run a decades-plus massive worldwide effort to agnostically save as much of this software as possible. TOSEC has, with no question, blown past any other professional effort in terms of size and breadth of the software they’ve quantified and described. It is a stunning achievement. I have brought professional archivists near to tears showing them the work TOSEC has done.

So I’ve put it on the Archive. I realize there are concerns and debates about this effort, and I understand them. The Internet Archive is a non-profit library with worldwide servers dedicated to bringing humanity’s knowledge to as much of the world as possible. We are known the most for the Wayback machine, but we also have scanned over 2 million books and put most of them online, as well as thousands of movies, hundreds of thousands of music tracks, and an extensive amount of television news programs from around the world. Every 90 seconds, the Archive adds a new book: and many, many new files are uploaded every day, of all types.

I respect the TOSEC effort, and hope to mirror as much of it as will shake out over the next couple months and years at the Archive. It’s a bold experiment, to be sure, but I believe very strongly that computer history needs to move forward and software must be treated like the culturally relevant artifact it is.

I’m reachable at for comments and questions.


Categorised as: computer history | jason his own self

Comments are disabled on this post


  1. Frank Ciardullo says:

    Hey Jason. I stumbled on your page after doing an image search for “Dream Machine” at the Dutchess Mall to show my kids where I used to indulge in video games when i was their age. I moved to Fishkill in 1977(when I was 8) from Yorktown Heights. I have many great memories of my youth in Fishkill and the
    Dutchess Mall. I spent all of my spare time seeing movies, playing arcade games and watching
    “merchandise” come down the conveyor belt at lightning speeds at Service Merchandise. I lived at the condominiums behind Grand Union and spent all of my spare time between the Village, the mall, and
    Fishkill Creek. Long story short, if you have any questions on the area i’d be happy to reminisce with you.

  2. […] this is quite amazing. Jason Scott is archiving all the programs found on The Old School Emulation Center on […]

  3. David says:

    It took me a while to realize that you are not hosting just the metadata, but the ROMs itself. You, sir, are a brave man.

  4. Ody. Petridis says:

    It’s actually very encouraging to see an organization like the Internet Archive (which has the appropriate founding) taking an interest and hosting these collections. The best thing that could happen is for Mr. Scott, or whoever will work on this, to keep in touch with key TOSEC people so that the collections are hosted and updated with minimal effort.